1) When does a couple need fertility treatment?
Answer: When after the reasonable time period, of one year, the couple has unprotected intercourse which does not lead to pregnancy. The most common cause for this situation is the injuries of fallopian tubes or hormonal imbalances for the women and severe sperm dysfunctions for the men.
2) What percentage of couples is challenged by subfertility?
Answer: It is estimated that subfertility concerns around 15% of the couples at reproductive age. In our country approximately 300.000 couples are challenged by fertility problems.
3) How many times can a couple have fertility treatment and how far apart should one be to the other?
Answer: The majority of couples will achieve to have a pregnancy after five to six attempts. The treatment cycles should be two to three months apart. There is no limit to the number of attempts a couple can have, as long as no complications are presented and the treatment is performed under the supervision of specialized fertility doctor.
4) Which factors influence the outcome of the treatment?
Answer: Mainly the age of the woman. Women up to the age of 34 years, have almost double the success rates, compared to women older than 40 years. The early search for medical help is a crucial factor for success, as the time runs against fertility.
5) Up to how many embryos should be transferred?
Answer: The transfer of two, maximum three embryos has the best statistical results combined with the desirable safety. In addition, the legislation in Greece states the limit of three embryos per transfer for the majority of the cases.
6) Which are the international success rates today? Are they satisfying?
Answer: The success rates, as shown by the “birth” rates per cycle of treatment, are 30% for the general population and arounf 50% for women up to 30 years old. These rates, compared to the rate of spontaneous conception which is 20-25% per month, are in fact satisfying. It sould be noted that the cumulative success rates after five attempts can rise up to 70 -80%.
7) Is it necessary to stop working when a woman starts fertility treatment?
Answer: Absolutely not. The treatment involves appointments with the doctor on the bases of ordinary meetings and the whole procedure does not affect her everyday life greatly, IVF is a very patient friendly treatment.
8) It is said that the administration of hormones of the ovarian stimulation can cause breast cancer. Is this true?
Answer: Absolutely not, this it is stated in a large number of international studies, publishes on the most respected medical journals. It worth mentioning, that the hormones being used in fertility treatment are identical to those hormones that are naturally secreted by the woman’s body to preserve her fertility and control her menstrual cycle. Clearly, the women who are about to begin a fertility treatment, are going through sufficient investigation, so that they star the treatment in safety.
9) Are the children born from IVF treatment healthy?
Answer: The children are perfectly healthy, both psychosomatic and mentally. Following the approximately 5.000.000 children born worldwide, as a result of IVF treatment, there is a huge amount of data confirming the safety of the treatment.
10) Is there a tendency of “medical urbanism” among couples, to look for treatment in Units of large cities and if so, is it justified?
Answer: Indeed, in previous years people from the rural regions to seek medical treatment in large urban centres of Athens and Thessaloniki, particularly for a specialized, sensitive subjects like subfertility. Fortunately, in recent years, this has changed and in this course helped the development of fertility units in rural areas of high standards with nothing to be envious of the units in Athens and Thessaloniki, or even the units abroad. “Embryokosmogenesis” is such an example, providing solutions to fertility problems to couples of East Macedonia and Thrace, who can now in their region, without unnecessary expenses, and pointless discomfort, make their dream come true.